AskDefine | Define concentrate

Dictionary Definition

concentrate

Noun

1 the desired mineral that is left after impurities have been removed from mined ore [syn: dressed ore]
2 a concentrated form of a foodstuff; the bulk is reduced by removing water
3 a concentrated example; "the concentrate of contemporary despair"

Verb

1 make (the solvent of a solution) dense or denser
2 direct one's attention on something; "Please focus on your studies and not on your hobbies" [syn: focus, center, centre, pore, rivet]
3 make central; "The Russian government centralized the distribution of food" [syn: centralize, centralise] [ant: decentralize, decentralize, decentralize]
4 make more concise; "condense the contents of a book into a summary" [syn: digest, condense]
5 draw together or meet in one common center; "These groups concentrate in the inner cities"
6 compress or concentrate; "Congress condensed the three-year plan into a six-month plan" [syn: condense, contract]
7 be cooked until very little liquid is left; "The sauce should reduce to one cup" [syn: boil down, reduce, decoct]
8 cook until very little liquid is left; "The cook reduced the sauce by boiling it for a long time" [syn: reduce, boil down]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From French concentrer

Verb

  1. , To bring to, or direct toward, a common center; to unite more closely; to gather into one body, mass, or force.
    to concentrate rays of light into a focus
    to concentrate the attention
    Let me concentrate!
  2. To increase the strength and diminish the bulk of, as of a liquid or an ore; to intensify, by getting rid of useless material; to condense; -- opposed to dilute.
    to concentrate acid by evaporation
    to concentrate by washing
  3. To approach or meet in a common center; to consolidate.
    Population tends to concentrate in cities.

Translations

To bring to, or direct toward, a common center; to gather into one; to concentrate the attention
To increase the strength and diminish the bulk of, as of a liquid or an ore
To approach or meet in a common center

Derived terms

Noun

  1. A substance that is in a condensed form.

Translations

A substance that is in a condensed form

Italian

Adjective

concentrate p

Verb

concentrate
  1. second-person plural present tense of concentrare
  2. second-person plural imperative of concentrare
  3. feminine plural of concentrato, past participle of concentrare

Extensive Definition

A concentrate is a form of substance which has had the majority of its base component (in the case of a liquid: the solvent) removed. Typically this will be the removal of water from a solution or suspension such as the removal of water from fruit juice. One benefit of producing a concentrate is that of a reduction in weight and volume for transportation as the concentrate can be re-constituted at the time of usage by the addition of the solvent.

Development

Concentrated juice was developed during World War II to provide nourishment for the armed forces.
Bronson Cushing Skinner, developer of the first palatable orange juice concentrate, was born June 26, 1889. After graduating in 1911 from Stevens Institute of Technology, Bronson Skinner managed the Skinner Machinery Company, founded by his father. In 1929 he sold the company to Food Machinery Corporation, although he continued to manage it. In 1935 he left FMC and founded Citrus Concentrates, Inc. to manufacture concentrated orange juice.
To develop his concentrate, Skinner boiled water out of juice under a partial vacuum at a temperature so low, the flavor and vitamin content were not damaged. He adapted evaporators for this purpose. He began selling his concentrate to Great Britain between 1936 and 1941. When the United States entered World War II, the War Food Administration sent him $1.5 million to build a plant to supply concentrate for the Allies. The plant operated until August 27, 1945, 13 days after Japan surrendered. Bronson Cushing Skinner died August 4, 1981. His Great Floridian plaque is located at the Minute Maid plant, 427 San Christopher Drive, Dunedin, Florida.

Other

Concentrate can also be the residue valuable metal from which most of the waste rock has been removed. The residue metal becomes the raw material for smelting.

See also

concentrate in German: Konzentrat
concentrate in Dutch: Concentraat
concentrate in Polish: Koncentrat
concentrate in Swedish: Koncentrat

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

abbreviate, accelerate, aggravate, approach, assemble, attend closely to, attend to business, be alert, be obsessed with, beef up, blow up, bring into focus, bring together, center, centralize, circumscribe, close, close in, close up, close with, cluster, coarct, collect, come together, compact, complicate, compress, concenter, concentralize, concentrate on, concentrate the mind, concentrate upon, concentrated, concentration, condense, congest, congregate, consolidate, constant, constrict, constringe, contract, converge, cram, cramp, crowd, curtail, decoct, decoction, decrease, deepen, densen, densify, direct, distill, distillate, distillation, double, draw, draw in, draw together, elixir, enhance, essence, essentialize, establish, exacerbate, exaggerate, exclusive, express, extract, extraction, fall in with, firm, fix, fix on, fixate, fixed, focalize, focus, focus on, funnel, gather, give heed, group, heap, heat up, heighten, hop up, hot up, infuse, infusion, integrate, intensify, intersect, jam, jazz up, key up, knit, look lively, look out, look sharp, magnify, make complex, mass, meet, melt down, miss nothing, narrow, narrow the gap, nip, pay attention, pay heed, pile, pinch, press, press out, pucker, pucker up, purification, purse, put, quintessence, ram down, ramify, redouble, reduce, refine, refinement, reinforce, render, rivet, run together, scrutinize, set, settle, sharpen, shorten, shrink, soak, solidify, soup up, spirit, squeeze, steadfast, steady, steep, step up, strangle, strangulate, strengthen, study, take care, take heed, taper, think, triple, undistracted, undivided, unfaltering, unite, unremitting, unwavering, watch out, whet, wring, wring out, wrinkle
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